What is Functional Dentistry?

Biolistic or Functional Dentistry is about Function and Esthetics. Traditional Dental care is based on mechanical concepts that assume that your present bite (occlusion) is best for you. Goals include restoring your bite to that position and might be called two-dimensional dentistry. Physiological Dentistry takes into consideration a third and fourth dimension. The third is the status and function of the muscles that control jaw position, chewing, and swallowing. The limits of care also do not assume the issues stops at the base of the head, but care considers a wider view of the whole person. Treatment considers the entire skeletal frame and the physiological processes that happen in this frame. Even minor changes in one part of the skull can ripple throughout the entire body to its benefit or creating pain and dysfunction or contributing to conditions such as sleep apnea.


The fourth dimension involves the mind and how one feels. So much of what we do is a consequence of feeling well. I often ask the question, "How healthy do you want to be?" Humans are very adaptable and often we stay quiet due to lack of concern by others or hopeless attitudes perpetrated by the health care field. Improving your quality of life is always a high priority.

The stabbing pain behind my eyes and headaches resolved so quickly. After so much medical care that did not help; it was wonderful to finally feel whole again. I cannot thank you enough.
— Kay

Why would I need Neuromuscular or physiological dental treatment?


You don't know what you don't know. This is an old saying but in a way answers the question. Many people and even many doctors do not realize that muscles play an important role in your health and in dental treatment. Your jaw posturing muscles may be overworked in attempting to maintain your present "programmed" position, even when you think they are relaxed. Head posture affects your bite (occlusion) and muscles that control head posture are primarily in the neck and upper back. Taken together, these conditions can lead to a variety of problems including a poor bite, muscle pain, headaches, sleeping problems, jaw joint problems and a wide range of other physical and emotional disorders.

Trouble areas are not limited to the head. As your jaw changes position (due to past dental treatment, orthodontics [even done as a child], accidents, loss of teeth, grinding) the lower jaw shifts backward and puts pressure on the Temporomandibular Joint just in front of the ear. This compresses nerves and blood vessels and can cause muscle spasms and pain. Over time this causes the position of the head to shift creating unbalanced forces on the neck. Eventually a forward head posture will be adopted to breathe, a tilted pelvis to compensate for unbalanced forces and canted shoulders due to the neck bones being pushed out of position.

How do I know if I have "bite" problems?

Some of common symptoms include:

  • Frequent Headaches
  • Teeth grinding or clenching
  • Worn, chipped, or broken teeth
  • Retruded chin or a noted overbite
  • Short, square shaped teeth
  • Missing teeth
  • Receding gums & cavities at the gum line
  • Snoring or sleep apnea
  • Shoulder Pain
  • Neck Pain
  • Back Pain
  • Jaw Pain
My smile showed almost no teeth. After treatment I showed a great smile and my jaw pain disappeared.
— Neil

What does this type of treatment involve?

Our dental care goal is to obtain a jaw position that is associated with relaxed muscles. The position must be measured. That word "measured" is key. If it can be measured it is a fact, if it cannot then it is just an opinion. To obtain physiologically relaxed muscles we use an instrument that allows your muscles to not know where they are in space. Thus, they do not know where your teeth are and will relax to a position that is natural for you and comfortable (called resting length). This position is recorded and an orthotic to confirm this position may be made to allow for healing of damage tissues.

Great cosmetics, excellent function, and improved form provides you to not only a great smile but better long-term health of your entire body. Neuromuscular dental care is an exciting field that can offer so much value to your health and wellbeing. If you wish to learn how such care can help you or people you know go to our CONTACT US page. If you wish to read more go to the articles and references section of MEDIA & LINKS page.

Neuromuscular dental care changed my life and gave me confidence with everyone I meet.
— Larry

Is there a difference between performance and optimum performance? Of course there is! A split-second faster, a step quicker, an inch higher, a bit more flexibility, a little stronger can make all the difference in your game. Athletes are always in pursuit of an edge, that natural advantage that will help them train and perform better than the rest. For thousands of athletes, including professionals competing at the highest level, that performance advantage is the PPM™.

Invented by neuromuscular dentist Dr. Anil Makkar, the Bite Advantage PPM™ is a sports appliance that is custom-designed and manufactured to each individual athlete/user. The Bite Advantage PPM™ naturally aligns the athlete's jaw, and in doing so, has been shown to enhance explosive power, balance, range of motion, flexibility, endurance and oxygen flow during training and competition, allowing the user to maximize their performance.

The PPM™ has created a growing buzz in sporting and athletic circles and is being used by professional, collegiate and amateur athletes worldwide. On the court, on the field, on the ice, on the golf course or in the gym - no matter what your sport or your level - the Bite Advantage PPM™ is the essential piece of equipment for serious athletes who want the Bite Advantage . The Bite Advantage PPM™ product suite, which is available only through specially-trained neuromuscular dentists who are also PPM™-certified dentists, currently includes three custom-fit sports appliances that unleash "game-changing" enhancements in several areas vital to athletic performance.

Available as an Upper protective guard (for contact sports), and Lower (for non-contact and training), the Bite Advantage PPM™ delivers an immediate advantage to your body. No sports drinks, no supplements and no taking chances with your health or career - and the results are immediate.

This is not just another mouthguard or a boil and bite custom imitation. Have you ever had your dentist dedicate a significant amount of time to determine your best precise jaw location for a boil and bite or off-the shelf, one size fits all mouth appliance? Of course not! Backed by 40 years of science and neuromuscular research, the Bite Advantage Advantage PPM™ is custom-fit by expert dentists using advanced computer technology that tracks every movement of your jaw to the millimeter in a process that takes well over an hour. This ensures that your Bite Advantage PPM™ precisely fits only one athlete - you, and gives you an advantage over your competition. The Bite Advantage PPM™ is not inexpensive, but it is worth every penny - just as is an expert personal trainer, strength coach, endurance coach and other expert.

At Bite Athletics, we understand that the key to realizing your athletic potential is You. Our emphasis is on unlocking your inherent potential through principles of neuromuscular science applied to and customized just for you. Each customized Bite Advantage e PPM™ is designed for the single most important athlete on the planet -- You, and is the key to unlocking your natural athletic advantage.